All the fair half of mankind dream, that the face is fresh, radiant, and it stays that way for as long as possible. But, unfortunately, nature seems to have arranged that with age, the skin loses its charm, loses its flexibility, elasticity, wrinkled, become flaccid, dull. But it's not just the natural aging processes, which are known to be inevitable, but the face of the defenseless, vulnerable part of the human body. Always remain open, therefore constantly exposed to various negative factors. Face the effects of the temperature changes, the adverse atmospheric phenomena, chemical substances, cosmetics. In addition, the condition of the skin reflects the internal problems of an organism (shortage of vitamins, disease, the various organs and systems). Therefore, the skin requires complex care.
It's pretty weird, but not every woman knows how to properly care for the person. Many skin care limited daily washing, and then applying the cream, however, maintain their youth, beauty, this list of procedures is not enough. So, what is the holistic skin care is, what the stages to perform at home?
Comprehensive care: identifying skin type
To learn how to properly care for the skin, and to properly choose the cosmetics, you should know the type as well as inherent characteristics. This, or consult a beautician or to try to establish the identity of the dermis to a specific type of their own, with particular regard to the following characteristics:
- Dry skin is very thin, sweet, usually has a matt surface, and small pores. Young, so the skin looks very attractive, practically does not cause problems to the owner. But after 30 years I often saw bad trait, pockets, irritation, desquamation. The dry skin type is very sensitive to external influences, prone to premature aging, caring for, the main thing — regularly to provide protection against negative factors of proper hydration.
- Oily skin — tight, porous. Quickly lose freshness after washing the face, often inflamed, and sometimes scaly. It is characterized by the excessive activity of the sebaceous glands, which to a certain extent regulated by sex hormones (the higher the level, the more secret produce cancer). The age, the hormones level in the body decreases, therefore, the separation of the fats are usually normalized. In contrast to the dry, such a dermis a long time, not age, maintaining smoothness, elasticity, 35 to 40 years. Oily skin type requires regular cleansing, hydration, because if you don't have a sufficient amount of moisture in the cells of the glands of the external secretion begins to work harder, and your metabolic processes, on the contrary, slow down. As a result, the skin loses the ability to functioning properly, interact with the environment.
- Normal skin is smooth, clear, matt, that he's kind of fat, moisture, high sensitivity, it is not prone to irritation, flaking, or inflammation. This is the type of the dermis do not give out the owner, a serious problem, but it is the same as the other types, need good care, which should include the regular cleaning, nutrition, hydration.
- Combined (mixed) skin is heterogeneous in structure, colour combines 2 types of skin: dry (or normal) of the face, around the eyes, or oily T-zone. The fatty areas have a tendency to the formation of comedones, pimples, dry skin, flaking, premature wrinkles formation. Care dermis mixed type that requires a lot of effort. Here it is necessary to properly set the problem areas, and select each of the cosmetics in accordance with the existing problems. In addition to regular home care, combination skin needs regular salon cosmetic procedures.
- Sensitive skin contain little pigment, weakly expressed in the stratum corneum, the gland produces insufficient amount of fat. This is the dermis characterized by an excessive response to the impact of unfavorable factors, prone to irritation, redness, desquamation. Skin care is the increased sensitivity, be sensitive and careful.
If you have any difficulty determining your skin type, try a simple test. Clean your face, the cleaner has a neutral pH (you can use regular baby soap). About 2 hours attached to the skin (T-zone) for thin paper napkin, and then a few seconds later to evaluate the results. If on paper there were traces of fat, then the dermis refers to oily or combined type (in the second case, you may be concerned not only for the oily Shine on your forehead, cheeks, wings of nose and a feeling of tightness of the other parts of the face). If the clothes are clean you are the owner of the dry skin, the presence of a faint trace of the dermis, to the normal type.
The main stages of comprehensive care for the skin
Skin care of any type should include several stages.
During the day the skin deposited particles, dust, dirt, toxic substances accumulate in the environment secret of the sebaceous glands. Here you can add makeup (powder, concealer), which clogs the pores and interferes with the normal breathing of cells. In order to remove all the requires of the special fund, in accordance with the selected type of the skin. So, for dry and normal skin suitable for skin that does not contain the alkali (disturb the acidic environment of the epidermis), or the baby soap. Greasy skin, it is recommended that you clean using cosmetics containing the ingredients reduce the production of sebum. If the signs of aging, preferably after washing, to carry out contrast rinse the face, alternating hot and cold water. This will improve the tone of the skin, the little capillaries, smooth fine lines.
No less important, to preserve the beauty of the skin deep cleaning, which is the desquamation (exfoliation) of dead cells of the epithelium is removed, the sebaceous glands plugs. Thank you for the deep cleansing and improves the skin's blood circulation, accelerate the metabolism and normal cellular respiration. Wrap at home with scrubs. The owners of the dry, sensitive skin to perform these procedures can not be more than 1 time a week normal 1-2 times, and those who's skin tends to be oily, exfoliation 2-3 times a week during the day. Scrub before you steam your face and gently blot with a towel. The tool should be applied in a circular motion, and then after 5-7 minutes, rinse with warm water. Scrubs for different skin types, if you want to cook yourself, to use as the basis of all cosmetic oils (preheated bath), honey, or cream, as the abrasive materials, salt, sugar, ground coffee, chopped walnut kernels or shells of nuts. In the presence of extensive foci of inflammation, and spider veins peeling is contraindicated.
The normal functioning of the skin retain the youth have to give the regular meal. Since a large part of the nutrients transported to the body, the food, you first need to stop the diet that contains sufficient amounts of essential minerals, vitamins. The off-season, it is recommended to perform prevention methods-vitamin pill, eat plenty of fresh vegetables, vegetables, fruits. Regarding the external power supply in the skin, here comes to the aid of special creams, serum got, face masks, which apply to thoroughly cleansed skin with light movements. The excess of cosmetics after 5-10 minutes should be removed with a cloth, to avoid the clogging of pores, prevents comedones (blackheads). If you are interested in, your skin is prone to inflammation, irritation, you need to use the products contain ingredients which have antiseptic properties.
In addition to the serum received cream are recommended on a regular basis (approximately twice a week), nourishing face masks. You can buy in the store, or make your own. In the second case, you need to use the product with nourishing properties, the cream, sour cream, egg yolks, honey, vegetable oil, fruit. The mask must be chosen, depending on the type of skin and desired effect. If you have oily skin, added to the cosmetic mixture of dry ingredients (lemon, berry juice, apple cider vinegar, blue, or green clay). Dairy products in this case, you must have a minimum percent of fat. The owners of the skin is dry or normal type use a moisturizing ingredients (fat content of sour cream, cream, pickle juice, sweet fruits). Mask should be applied to clean skin 20-40 minutes, then rinse with warm water. After the procedure, wipe the face of the ice to use the cream intended for daily use.
At the age of 25-30 years, many women first wrinkles appear, age spots, and other signs of aging of the skin. Slow down the aging process, and eliminates the existing cosmetic defects, it is necessary to regularly carry out anti-aging treatments. This can be a special gymnastics for the face, a point, or a classic Japanese massage. In addition, you have to use special cosmetics containing hyaluronic acid, collagen, antioxidants, and other ingredients that help to maintain the elasticity, flexibility of the skin. Anti-aging agents should be selected in accordance with the age.
General recommendations for the care of the skin-home
If you care about your skin at home you can easily, to a certain extent, even pleasant, but to ensure that every effort was not in vain, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- Try not to wash your ordinary tap, filtered, mineral or protected. Tap water contains many impurities that can severely dry the skin, break the sebaceous glands and to reduce the contribution to the local immunity.
- He wiped his face with a towel, do not RUB the skin, does not hurt, does not cause irritation. Use a soft towel made from natural materials, and don't forget to wash daily, or needs to be replaced.
- Before you buy some care products for the face, carefully examine the information specified on the label, where the cosmetic composition, and purpose. Pick up creams, lotions, masks and other cosmetic products in accordance with your skin type and age.
- The cream the night of day-care. The fact that each of these tools performs special functions, for example, daytime makeup is designed to protect the skin during activity, night — active power of the dermis to the rest.
- Don't forget to pay special attention to the care and the sensitive skin around the eyes. These zones will be taken to a special product (cream, gel, serum), which is a refreshing, cooling effect, moisturizes the skin, eliminates dark circles, the puffiness of the under eye.
- After a night's sleep do exercises for the face. Thanks to that you will be able to maintain your normal skin tone, to deal with shallow wrinkles. After the tournament we recommend that you wipe the skin with an ice cube to solidify the effect.
- Make sure to wash off your makeup before going to bed, because the particles clog the pores and interfere with the normal breathing of cells. Make-up remover to perform better with the help of special milk or tonic.
- Don't use the same line caregivers throughout the year — each season it is necessary to apply the various cosmetics. In the cold season you should buy greasy creams, solid consistency, warm light, the ability to quickly absorbed by the skin. During periods of high solar activity, it is necessary, before the face of cosmetics containing UV filters, which protect the skin from ultraviolet radiation and helps prevent the appearance of age spots.
- The skin remains young, fresh, beautiful, follow the diet to keep a healthy lifestyle — get rid of bad habits, spend more time in the fresh air; spend at least 8 hours a night sleep, workout.
If you comply with the above recommendations, and to properly implement comprehensive care for the skin, will be healthy, smooth, velvety, regardless of the type of the age. If there are any cosmetic problems you should immediately treat the skin, preferably with the help of a professional who can determine the cause of the deterioration of the point, to recommend an optimal way to the market.